Recently T-Mobile won the 600 megahertz spectrum auction, this purchase in so many ways is a huge win for the consumers and also mostly for T-Mobile. T-Mobile is saying that they will be using the 600 megahertz for 5G. This falls in lines with the other three carriers using their existing license for 5G. So, table will did turn some head when they said that they’ll be using that new Spectrum for 5G wireless.
For normal consumers that don’t know any better, they’ll see this as a normal thing as a normal progression from 4G to 5G. But for people that do know better this is Timo and other wireless carriers like ATT Verizon Sprint. They are all muddying the water and then using 5G as a marketing weapon. Before we go into how ATT Verizon Sprint and T-Mobile plan on the point 5G. Let’s explore what 5G really is.
Wireless 5G or sometimes called millimeter waves for wavelengths. 5G is the next major evolutionary leap over 4G. Theoretically 5G speed is around 20 Gigabits per second, 4G is technically classified as 1 Gigabit per second. But we know here in U.S we are not getting anywhere near 1 Gigabit on 4G.
In order to achieve true 5G the spectrum needs to be in the high 20’s and high 30 gigahertz range. At those frequency it seems counter-intuitive to the two properties that wireless carriers want and that is signal propagation so that can use less towers to cover a larger area. And the ability of the wireless signal to penetrate concrete and brick walls.
High speeds or high band spectrum has none of those properties. In fact as you get higher in the frequency you will need more cell towers to extend the signals. And these high frequencies don’t penetrate concrete or brick walls so well because of it’s high frequency hence the term millimeter waves. While wireless engineers have to overcome these two major shortcomings the overall benefit is tremendous for us, the consumers.
Millimeter waves will allow for high download speeds in the tens and twenty gigabits per second range and also increase in capacity allowing for more devices on a single span or spectrum. This goes beyond the smartphones, the IOT devices (Internet of things). Smart refrigerator, smart washer, smart dryer, wireless camera’s etc etc.
5G allows for advanced capabilities and provisioning of the services and devices that is lacking now with 4G. For instant on 5G network your smartphone will get provisioned for the top speed while you IOT devices will get reduced speed, therefore, using less power.
Users won’t be getting true 5G speeds of 10 and 20 gigabits per second. Please let us know in the comment section below, what do you think of wireless carriers 5G plan. Would you be happy with 1 gigabit per second LTE connection?