The infamous and controversial ”Great Firewall” is the part of China’s cyber security censorship and surveillance program which is officially called the Golden Shield Project. The project commence in 2003 and it was completed in 2006 .
The recent statement issue on the website of the China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on Sunday state : that it plant to spend the new year “cleaning up” the internet access service CDNs IDCs, ISPs, and crackdown on VPN ( virtual private networks) companies .The “clean-up” process of the country internet connections would start from now and its expected to end on March 31, 2018.
— Sherisse Pham (@Sherisse) January 25, 2017
Last week Chinese President Xi Jinping defended the tenets of globalization at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. And call that each country should have control and authority over its internet access .
Virtual Private Networks allow user to access restricted ,censored websites through encryption and conceal user appearance and internet traffic .With the new law and regulations VPN company has to obtain government approval before operating in China. Using a VPN without permission is illegal and forbidden.
China has tighten and strengthening its internet security over the fast few year . China proceed a national security law in 2015 which purpose was to make the Internet and information systems “secure and controllable”.
China Great Firewall has blocks more than 135 out of 1,000 sites in ranking of the world’s top websites, which include social media website like Facebook, Twitter and Google and YouTube according to Greatfire.org,
“China’s internet connection service market … has signs of disordered development that require urgent regulation and governance,” the ministry said. The crackdown on unregulated internet connections aimed to “strengthen cyberspace information security management.”
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